Tips on Enterprise Application Development
Introduction to Java programming
Java has become a popular programming language to develop web and mobile applications for a wide variety of audiences ranging from consumer devices to varied enterprise systems.
The benefits of using Java include:
- Excellent tools: IDE, CI, etc.
- Vast range of 3rd party libraries.
- Documentation available.
- Large network of developers
- Works across multiple platforms
- Excellent performance and specification.
- Stable methods of garbage collection.
- Native threads.
- Managed memory.
- Choice of implementation for multiple vendors.
Users have built middleware using Java. For example, inventory management, registration, CMS, etc. Java is used to develop web applications, customized web portals, software applications, and ecommerce applications.
Undoubtedly, Java has emerged a strong player over several years hence it is doing several things right. However, every language has its own advantages and disadvantages; Java too has several lacunae but it can be overlooked due to the numerous benefits it has to offer.
Java vs Other Programming Languages
Comparison with other commonly used programming languages will help you understand why Java tops the list. Although, every feature has not been covered, this article identifies key features that other languages offer and draws a comparison with similar features that are offered by Java.
|Supports OOP (object-oriented programming) projects||Not a pure OOP language|
|Easy-to-use scripts connects systems components||Low-level implementation language|
|Shorter programs||Longer programs|
|Rich built-in high-level data types||Define each variable type before use|
|Preferred choice of new programmers||Not so popular with new comers|
Programs run slower; not a good choice for developing enterprise applications
|Quick performance makes it a favorable choice for developing enterprise applications|
|Inefficient library support for use cases||Better library support for use cases|
|Extension of C language||A derivative of C++|
|C++ design supports systems programming||Java supports network computing|
|Quicker execution speed||Slower than C++|
|Standard libraries are simple, robust, and provide containers and associative arrays||Java library supports cross-platform application development|
|Garbage collection is not automatic;objects are destroyed manually using code.||Automatic garbage collection|
If a developer does not delete all objects it will increase memory and size of software resulting in higher costs. Automatic garbage collection reduces effort and money.
Both C and Java score high on the level of performance and security features of programming. The two languages are quite similar in syntax and programming style.
|Developed on a single platform||Platform-independent|
|Works well only on Windows and Mac OS-X but not on Linux||Compatible with different operating systems|
Developers should select a language that perfectly fits your project needs; you must choose a language that will help deliver projects quickly and efficiently. If, for example, you want to develop a Windows application for desktop or smartphone, you must select C# however if you develop application for Android users, Java is the best choice.
Java and Ruby have several common features as both are object-oriented programming languages and strongly typed.
|Code is interpreted while execution||Translated into virtual machine code first before execution|
|Developers can easily manage codes as they contain fewer lines||It is difficult to manage code written in Java|
|Less preferable for high traffic websites||Supports high traffic website|
Few years ago, Twitter also migrated from Ruby to Scala and Java. Developers can use Java and Ruby together as their features complement each other. JRuby, a code written in Java refers to an implementation of Ruby on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
|Server-side applications are developed on PHP||General purpose enterprise applications are developed on Java|
|Weakly-typed language||Strongly-typed language|
|Flexible data types used||Programmers must declare data types for each value or variable|
|No fixed programming standards; PHP is more attractive for new developers||Fixed programming standards|
|JVM restarts after every request thus leading to additional performance-related problems||No performance issues in the JVM|
|Must choose PHP when you have more time to complete project||Must choose Java if your project requires scalability, performance, and application security.|
These two programming languages have different structures and are mutually inclusive.
Benefits of Developing Enterprise Application in Java
- Simplicity: Developers find coding easy in Java. It is easily interpreted by users as well. An evergreen language compared to other programming languages, Java does not require pointers and eased operations with flexible coding structures to provide an easy-to-understand user interface of an enterprise application, whether it is on desktop or mobile.
- Platform-independent: Java works across multiple platforms with ease. It has the capability to run on any platform with a single uniform code. Applications developed on Java are held by each Java compatible browser.
- Allocation: Java comes with the feature of stack provision system. It stores the statistics and data that can be reestablished quickly. Stack refers to the preparation procedure of data in LIFO. It is easy to stock and restore information and any other objective. The process of efficient garbage collection in Java helps in automatic garbage collection and memory distribution.
- Distribution: A development stage called distributive calculating involves two or more processors connected to a common network. Java possesses a great networking capability. Informal interactions with Java programs help in writing programming instructions such as receiving, sending files.
- Open source technology: Expansion of Java apps follows an open-source policy that permits enterprises to download the apparatus and create apps without refunding authorization fees which helps in reducing the overall cost of expansion process.
- Security features: Java is popular for the security standards and features of safe programming. Enterprise could download any folder using non-trusted programs. Moreover, the application can use these codes securely. Enterprise apps discard the corrupted data and use them in a safe manner to develop apps in Java.
- Reusable Codes: Enterprises are able to reuse written Java codes for any other application. The codes can be reused for designing another software application.
- User-friendly apps: The main reason why enterprises choose Java to develop their applications is because the codes are easy to maintain and used informally as well. The set of APIs make it easy for developers to track the progress of apps and create codes quickly that saves time and money.
- Nature and Behavior: Java applications are vibrant. Codes usage is confirmed in precise object which is concerned with the number of units to be stored in a separate file for each different object code.
No single programming language is foolproof; though Java is the most popular programming language for developing enterprise apps you cannot overlook some of the drawbacks of using Java.
- Performance: Java is slightly slower and consumes more memory than other languages like C, C++ etc.
- Single Paradigm: Newer versions of Java has ceremonial paradigm which can perform better with static ingressions.
- Enumeration: Java doesn’t have any specific listing types, however developers can use a sequence of constants.
Now that you are aware about the advantages and disadvantages of Java, the most popular programming language, you will arrive at better decision of developing the perfect application for your enterprise.